Syncing Package Repositories using a webhook ¶

Introduction ¶

Kubeapps’s default configuration schedules the syncing process of the Package Repositories every ten minutes. However, this behavior can be easily changed globally by editing the values.yaml file (crontab: "*/10 * * * *").

Nevertheless, this default approach might not be useful for environments with highly frequent changes. Moreover, if there are a few Package Repositories with numerous changes while others hardly are modified, therefore, increasing the default global syncing periodicity is not a good approach.

Kubeapps now supports an API endpoint for manually triggering a sync process for a given Package Repository. This endpoint is intended to be used as a webhook from external applications. A number of platforms do use webhooks for triggering actions when something occurs. For instance, Harbor notifies the webhook endpoint of certain events that occur in the project . Webhook notifications provide information about events in JSON format and are usually delivered by an HTTP(s) POST to an existing webhook endpoint URL.

The example below will use Harbor for explaining how a webhook is configured for triggering an Package Repository sync process.

In other platforms the process will be pretty similar. Doubts? Please feel free to open an issue if you need further guidance!

Creating and granting a ServiceAccount for authenticating requests ¶

Since the webhook endpoint will be used outside the user browser session (i.e., no OIDC login), an ad-hoc ServiceAccount should be created in the same namespace as the package repository; next, it has to be granted with sufficient permissions to get and update the AppRepository objects. Finally, the ServiceAccount token must be retrieved.

Creating the RBAC objects ¶

First, the ServiceAccount has to be created:

cat <<EOF | kubectl apply -f -
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
  name: apprepositories-refresh

Besides, a ClusterRole apprepositories-refresh should be already created in the cluster if the rbac.create=true was passed in the values.yaml file. Otherwise, this object is created as follows:

cat <<EOF | kubectl apply -f -
kind: ClusterRole
  name: apprepositories-refresh
  - apiGroups:
      - apprepositories
      - get
      - update

Note: this is only necessary if your cluster does not already have a ClusterRole apprepositories-refresh.

Next, the ClusterRole apprepositories-refresh (with get and update permissions over apprepositories) has to be associated to the relevant namespace(s) by means of a RoleBinding:

To bind it in multiple namespaces, create as many RoleBindings (changing namespace: my-namespace to match your needs) for each namespace.

cat <<EOF | kubectl apply -f -
kind: RoleBinding
  name: apprepositories-refresh
  namespace: my-namespace
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: apprepositories-refresh
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: apprepositories-refresh
  namespace: default

Note: remember that the namespace kubeapps is special as every Package Repository added here is considered as a global one and it is shared across every namespace. Please take it into consideration before granting the ServiceAccount with permissions on the kubeapps namespace.

Retrieving the ServiceAccount token ¶

The <TOKEN> for the ServiceAccount apprepositories-refresh is retrieved:

kubectl get secret $(kubectl get serviceaccount apprepositories-refresh -o jsonpath='{range .secrets[*]}{.name}{"\n"}{end}' | grep apprepositories-refresh) -o go-template='{{.data.token | base64decode}}'

This value will be the Bearer token to be passed in the Authentication HTTP header.

Configuring a webhook in Harbor ¶

A high-level description of the main steps is presented below; please refer to the official Harbor documentation for further information.

  1. Log in to the Harbor interface with an account that has at least project administrator privileges.

  2. Go to Projects, select a project, and select Webhooks.

  3. Enter this URL: https://<KUBEAPPS_URL>/api/v1/clusters/<CLUSTER_NAME>/namespaces/<NAMESPACE_NAME>/apprepositories/<APPREPO_NAME>/refresh. Modify <KUBEAPPS_URL> , <CLUSTER_NAME>, <NAMESPACE_NAME>, <APPREPO_NAME> to match your needs.

    For instance: https://<KUBEAPPS_URL>/api/v1/clusters/default/namespaces/my-namespace/apprepositories/my-repo/refresh will update the Package Repository my-repo in the namespace my-namespace of the cluster default.

  4. As authentication header enter Bearer <TOKEN>

    Note <TOKEN>is the value retrieved before .

  5. Select as many events as you need to trigger notifications. The image below shows the common events that you would want for triggering a resync.

  6. Click Continue to create the webhook.

This picture illustrates the configuration of a webhook in Habor:

Configuring a webhook in Harbor

Final remarks ¶

Currently, Kubeapps does not process any payload. Therefore, the information that the platform may send as part of the POST request will be ignored. Feel free to open an issue if you need further guidance or your use case is not matching with this approach.