Access Control in Kubeapps ¶

Table of Contents ¶

  1. Introduction
  2. User Authentication in Kubeapps
    1. OpenID Connect authentication
    2. Service Account authentication
  3. Assigning Kubeapps User Roles
    1. Applications
      1. Read access to Applications within a namespace
      2. Write access to Applications within a namespace
    2. Package Repositories
    3. Assigning roles across multiple namespaces
    4. Using a cluster-admin user (not recommended)

Introduction ¶

Kubeapps provides a cloud native solution to browse, deploy and manage the lifecycle of applications on a Kubernetes cluster. It is a one-time install that gives you a number of important benefits, including the ability to:

  • browse and deploy packaged applications from public or private repositories
  • customize deployments through an intuitive user interface
  • upgrade, manage and delete the applications that are deployed in your Kubernetes cluster
  • expose an API to manage your package repositories and your applications

This guide explains in detail how to configure the Kubernetes Role-Based-Access-Control (RBAC) for your authenticated users to access Kubeapps. Before configuring the RBAC, you need to establish how users authenticate with the Kubernetes clusters on which Kubeapps operates.

User Authentication in Kubeapps ¶

By design, Kubeapps does not include a separate authentication layer but rather relies on the supported mechanisms provided with Kubernetes itself .

Each request to Kubeapps requires a token trusted by the Kubernetes API token in order to make requests to the Kubernetes API server as the user. This ensures that a certain user of Kubeapps is only permitted to view and manage applications to which they have access (for example, within a specific namespace). If a user does not have access to a particular resource, Kubeapps displays an error describing the required roles to access the resource.

Two of the most common authentication strategies for providing a token identifying the user with Kubeapps are described below.

OpenID Connect authentication ¶

The most common and secure method for users to authenticate with the cluster (and therefore Kubeapps) is to use the built-in Kubernetes support for OpenID Connect. In this setup your clusters trust an OAuth2 provider such as Azure Active Directory, Google OpenID Connect or your own installation of the Dex auth provider.

Read more about using an OIDC provider with Kubeapps .

Service Account authentication ¶

Alternatively, you can create Service Accounts for Kubeapps users. This is not recommended for production use as Kubernetes service accounts are not designed to be used by users. That said, it is often a quick way to test or demo a Kubeapps installation without needing to configure OpenID Connect.

To create a Service Account for a user example in the default namespace, run the following:

kubectl create -n default serviceaccount example

To get the API token for this Service Account, run the following:

kubectl get -n default secret $(kubectl get -n default serviceaccount example -o jsonpath='{.secrets[].name}') -o go-template='{{.data.token | base64decode}}' && echo

Assigning Kubeapps User Roles ¶

The examples below demonstrate creating RBAC for a service account as it is easy to reproduce, but normally you would use the --user or --group arg rather than --serviceaccount when creating the role bindings for users.

You can install a set of preset Roles and ClusterRoles in your cluster that you can bind to user or Service Accounts. Each Role and ClusterRole pertains to a certain operation within Kubeapps.

This documentation describes the roles that should be applied to a user in order to perform operations within Kubeapps configured with Helm plugin.

More info for Kubeapps configured with Flux and Carvel plugins:

Additional info for Carvel Security Model:

Applications ¶

Read access to Applications within a namespace ¶

In order to list and view Applications in a namespace, use the default ClusterRole for viewing resources . Then you bind that cluster role to the service account.

kubectl create -n default rolebinding example-view \
  --clusterrole=view \
  --serviceaccount default:example

This role should be enough to explore and discover the applications running in your cluster. It’s certainly not enough for deploying new apps or managing package repositories.

Write access to Applications within a namespace ¶

In order to create, update and delete Applications in a namespace, apply the edit ClusterRole in the desired namespace. The edit ClusterRole should be available in most Kubernetes distributions, you can find more information about that role here .

kubectl create -n default rolebinding example-edit \
  --clusterrole=edit \
  --serviceaccount default:example

With the edit role, a user can deploy and manage most of the applications available but it is still not able to create new application repositories.

Package Repositories ¶

In order to manage Kubeapps package repositories, the apprepositories-write ClusterRole in the namespace Kubeapps is installed in is required. This cluster role include permissions to manage Kubernetes secrets in the namespace is installed (in order to manage package repository credentials) so treat it carefully:

export KUBEAPPS_NAMESPACE=kubeapps
kubectl create -n ${KUBEAPPS_NAMESPACE} rolebinding example-kubeapps-repositories-write \
  --clusterrole=kubeapps:${KUBEAPPS_NAMESPACE}:apprepositories-write \
  --serviceaccount default:example

Note: There is also a cluster-role for just allowing people to read package repositories: kubeapps:${KUBEAPPS_NAMESPACE}:apprepositories-read.

The above command allows people to create package repositories in the Kubeapps namespace, these are called “Global Repositories” since they are available in any namespace Kubeapps is available. On the other hand, it’s also possible to create “Namespaced Repositories” that are available just in a single namespace. For doing so, users need to have permissions to create package repositories in those namespaces. Read the next section to know how to create those roles.

Assigning roles across multiple namespaces ¶

To give permissions in multiple namespaces, simply create the same RoleBindings in each namespace you want to configure access for. For example, to give the “example” user permissions to manage Applications in the “example” namespace:

export KUBEAPPS_NAMESPACE=kubeapps
kubectl create -n example rolebinding example-kubeapps-applications-write \
  --clusterrole=kubeapps:${KUBEAPPS_NAMESPACE}:apprepositories-write \
  --serviceaccount default:example

If you want to give access for every namespace, simply create a ClusterRoleBinding instead of a RoleBinding. For example, you can give the “example” user permissions to manage Applications in any namespace. Again, be careful applying this ClusterRole because it also allows to read and write Secrets:

export KUBEAPPS_NAMESPACE=kubeapps
kubectl create clusterrolebinding example-kubeapps-applications-write \
  --clusterrole=kubeapps:${KUBEAPPS_NAMESPACE}:apprepositories-write \
  --serviceaccount default:example

A simpler way to configure access for Kubeapps would be to give the user cluster-admin access (effectively disabling RBAC). This is not recommended, but useful for quick demonstrations or evaluations.

kubectl create serviceaccount kubeapps-operator
kubectl create clusterrolebinding kubeapps-operator --clusterrole=cluster-admin --serviceaccount=default:kubeapps-operator